The history of the United States is what happened in the past in the United States, a country in North America.
Native Americans lived in the Americas for thousands of years. English people in 1607 went to the place now called Jamestown, Virginia. Other European settlers went to the colonies, mostly from England and later Great Britain. France, Spain, and the Netherlands also colonized North America. In 1775, a war between the thirteen colonies and Britain began when the colonists were upset over tyrannical British policies. Just after dawn on April 19, 1775 the British attempted to disarm the Massachusetts militia at Concord, Massachusetts[source?], thus beginning the war with the “Shot Heard Round the World.” On July 4, 1776, Founding Fathers wrote the United States Declaration of Independence. They won the Revolutionary War and started a new country. They signed the constitution in 1787 and the Bill of Rights in 1791. General George Washington, who had led the war, became its first president. During the 19th century, the United States gained much more land in the West and began to become industrialized. In 1861, several states in the South attempted to leave the United States to start a new country called the Confederate States of America. This caused the American Civil War. After the war, Immigration resumed. Some Americans became very rich in this Gilded Age and the country developed one of the largest economies in the world.
In the early 20th century, the United States became a world power, fighting in World War I and World War II. Between the wars, there was an economic boom called the Roaring Twenties when people became richer and a bust called the Great Depression when most were poorer. The Great Depression ended with World War II.
The United States is the world’s greatest economic power in terms of gross domestic product (GDP) and historically has been among the world’s highest-ranking countries in terms of GDP per capita. With less than 5 percent of the world’s population, the United States produces about one-fifth of the world’s economic output. The sheer size of the U.S. economy makes it the most important single factor in global trade. Its exports represent more than one-tenth of the world total. The United States also influences the economies of the rest of the world because it is a significant source of investment capital.
Climate affects human habitats both directly and indirectly through its influence on vegetation, soils, and wildlife. In the United States, however, the natural environment has been altered drastically by nearly four centuries of European settlement.
The pattern of U.S. climates is largely set by the location of the conterminous United States almost entirely in the middle latitudes, by its position with respect to the continental landmass and its fringing oceans, and by the nation’s gross pattern of mountains and lowlands. Each of these geographic controls operates to determine the character of air masses and their changing behaviour from season to season.
The great art historian Sir Ernst Hans Josef Gombrich once wrote that there is really no such thing as “art”; there are only artists. This is a useful reminder to anyone studying, much less setting out to try to define, anything as big and varied as the culture of the United States. For the culture that endures in any country is made not by vast impersonal forces or by unfolding historical necessities but by uniquely talented men and women, one-of-a-kind people doing one thing at a time—doing what they can, or must. In the United States, particularly, where there is no more a truly “established” art than an established religion—no real academies, no real official art—culture is where one finds it, and many of the most gifted artists have chosen to make their art far from the parades and rallies of worldly life.
A country for less than two and a half centuries, the United States is a relatively new member of the global community, but its rapid growth since the 18th century is unparalleled. The early promise of the New World as a refuge and land of opportunity was realized dramatically in the 20th century with the emergence of the United States as a world power. With a total population exceeded only by those of China and India, the United States is also characterized by an extraordinary diversity in ethnic and racial ancestry.
American universities are widely known for the quality of their teaching and research. The United States is the number one and largest destination for international students seeking higher education overseas. The education system in USA is the most versatile and flexible higher education system for international students in the world.Today about 30 percent of all current international students in the world are studying in the United States.
Have you ever wondered what makes U.S. higher education so popular in the world?
The U.S. has one of the world’s finest education systems, with excellent programs across all disciplines. At the undergraduate level, outstanding program options are available in conventional subjects as well as professional fields. At the Master’s and Ph.D. level, students regularly get the opportunity to work with and learn from some of the finest researchers in the world. Qualifications awarded by U.S. universities are recognized throughout the world for its academic brilliance.
Diversity of Education Opportunities
The U.S. higher education system has lots to offer every student. The program structure lays equal emphasis on building a strong theoretical base along with importance on practical, employment-related skills. If you are looking at studying an unusual or specific program like gerontology you will have more than one program to choose from in the U.S.!
U.S. universities are world leaders in terms of technology and scientific techniques, and are committed to providing the same resources to students. The emphasis is to acquaint students with the latest in the field of science, engineering and related fields. The end result is work-ready graduates with appropriate skills using the most recent technology.
Opportunity for Research, Teaching and Training
In the U.S., at the graduate level students gain valuable experience in research and teaching through the many assistantship programs available. These assistantships also help students finance their higher education in USA. The practical experience gained is extremely useful for future careers in teaching and research.
The U.S. higher education system offers many course choices within a program and the opportunity to change majors or opt for multiple specializations. At the advanced stages of an undergraduate program a student can tailor the program to meet specific career aspirations like combining courses in contemporary jazz music with engineering! At the graduate level you can make your own timetable and complete course credits at a comfortable pace within the stipulated time frame.
Support Services for International Students
U.S. universities welcome international students for pursuing higher education in USA and have support systems to help students adjust comfortably to life in the U.S. Services at the international student office help students transition to the new environment. Support is offered through the year from organizing orientation programs to assistance with academic writing and building resumes as students get ready to graduate.
U.S. universities offer a diverse choice of academic, cultural and athletic activities to choose from which not only enrich the educational experience but also help students make new friends and become global citizens. Your university may also have a cricket team in addition to fraternities, regional and ethnic clubs.
Academic study and experience from a U.S. university has a very positive reputation in the international job market. A U.S. education dramatically enhances a student’s long-term career goals. The experience builds critical thinking skills, develops self-confidence and cross-cultural skills and all of these attributes are highly valued by employers worldwide.
Many international students want to work while they are studying in the United States to earn extra money and practice their English. This can sometimes be a difficult and complicated process, but advance preparation can increase your chances of finding a job. Understanding the rules you must follow and knowing where to go for help in your job search are the keys to success.
The United States issues different types of student visas, but most international students receive the F-1, a nonimmigrant visa for full-time academic study. Because the F-1 visa is only for educational purposes, the U.S. government places restrictions on the employment options for F-1 holders. However, this does not mean that you cannot work if you have an F-1 visa. As long as you understand and follow the legal requirements, you can work on a student visa.
Here are the most important rules for working in the United States on a student visa:
- You must maintain full-time student status at all times.
- You cannot work off campus during your first academic year of study. During that time, you are permitted to work on campus part-time (no more than 20 hours a week) while classes are in session.
- After one academic year, you can work off campus in a position related to your field of study through the Curricular Practical Training (CPT) or Optional Practical Training (OPT) options.
These are not the only restrictions, and the office that issued your I-20 immigration document (usually the international student office at your school) is your best resource for understanding all the rules. Most international student orientation programs will provide information about employment options. Violating the laws may result in the loss of your student visa, so you must follow the directions of the international student advising staff at your school!er field.
- Your passport, valid for the duration of your studies plus one month.
- Two Photograph (With White Background)
- A letter of acceptance from a USA educational institution confirming name and length of the program, tuition fees, living expenses, semester for which the admission is valid and last date for registration.
- All educational documents, including marks sheets (SSC, HSC, Bachelors, Masters or other post- secondary, college, vocational or university diploma, certificate or degree).
- Proof of funds sufficient to cover your tuition and living expenses for your first year of study in USA.
- You must provide a 3 month statement of transactions from personal bank account(s) (an original certified bank issued statement or a certified copy of passbooks), as well as fixed deposit certificates, savings certificates, PSP certificates or any other proof of savings.
- You must also demonstrate that sufficient funds will be available to support yourself during the whole duration of your program.
- Confirmation of any scholarship, grant, teaching or research assistantship including name of the providing institution or organization, amount per semester or year and duration.
- If some or the totality of your funds are provided by a sponsor (either parents or third party) you must also include:
- Notarized declaration of sponsorship. If you have more than one sponsor, a separate declaration must be provided for each sponsor. However, sponsors who are husband and wife can appear on the same declaration.
- Details of assets and income for each sponsor with supporting documents such as property documentation, land deeds, rent agreement, business license, business tax information, employment letter with salary information.
- You must also provide the income tax forms (tax assessments and tax paid receipts showing total income and amount of income tax paid) for the past two years.
- If someone other than yourself or your parents is providing funds you must include:
- Letter of explanation as to the reason why this person is assisting
- Number of persons living in this persons household
- Proof of this persons relationship to you; birth, marriage or school certificates, passport.
- Affidavits or self-declarations are not acceptable proof of relationship.
- Proof of employment for yourself (if applicable) and your parents (employers full name, address, phone number, name of supervisor with his phone number, length of service and salary details).
- Your police clearance certificate and your birth certificate
- Proof of Tuition fee payment
- Visa Application forms
- 2 complete photo copy sets of all the above attested and notarized.
|3.0||3.0||As per University/
|3.0||3.0||2.75||As per University/
The United States higher education system is not subsidized by the federal government which is why tuition fees remain notoriously high in the United States, even for American citizens. Students should take this into account before applying for a degree program in the United States. Although there are scholarships and stipends available, these are often granted to low-income students and students with high academic achievement. Fortunately, there are many scholarships dedicated to just international students interested in studying in the United States. Otherwise, expect to pay the full amount with loans or your own savings.
According to a 2018 publication by the U.S. Department of Education, as of the 2015-16 academic years, the annual price for undergraduate tuition including fees, room, and board was estimated to be $16,757 at public institutions and $43,065 for private institutions. These numbers reflect a 34% increase from the 2005-06 academic year. Although many funding options are exclusively available to American students, many universities invest in international students in order to increase the diversity on their campuses and attract top talent from around the world.
k in Canada.
HOUSING & LIVING COST
The cost of living in the United States varies greatly depending on where you choose to study. Naturally, big cities like New York and Los Angeles are amongst some of the most expensive places to live in the world. In comparison, smaller cities and more suburban or rural areas will be cheaper. That being said, there are plenty of affordable student housing options across the United States, plus students can often get discounts at popular museums, restaurants, and shops.
When creating your budget, keep in mind that student visas to not grant the right to employment during your studies. Therefore, students should expect to fund their studies through scholarships, stipends, and their own savings. On average, university students can expect to spend between $800 and $900 a month.
numbers reflect a 34% increase from the 2005-06 academic year. Although many funding options are exclusively available to American students, many universities invest in international students in order to increase the diversity on their campuses and attract top talent from around the world.